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  • Writer's pictureBrandon Guillermo Lopez Moreno

Internal Control in Companies

In Mexico, the life expectancy of businesses depends on the size of the company, according to INEGI, companies with an average of 0 to 2 workers die before the seventh year, while companies with 11 to 15 workers last. up to 15 years.


This is mostly because companies that are staffed or are larger, invest in their internal control.

But what is internal control?

Internal control has several meanings, but simply it is the set of actions, activities, plans, policies, norms, records, procedures, and methods, including the environment and attitudes developed by authorities and their personnel in charge, to prevent possible risks that affect a company.

As you will see, internal control establishes from the most basic, such as the mission and vision, to the strategies to follow for the evolution of the business.

The benefits of internal control are:

  • Reduce the risks of corruption

  • Achieve the established goals and objectives

  • Promote organizational development

  • Achieve greater efficiency, effectiveness and transparency in operations

  • Ensure compliance with the law

  • Protect company resources

  • Have reliable and timely information

  • Promote the practice of values

The procedure used by most companies, especially those that are publicly traded, is the COSO Model, which establishes 20 principles in 5 components.

​Government and Culture

Strategy and Objectives



Information, Communicati-on and Reporting

The board of directors exercises oversight over risks

Establishes operational structures

Defines desired culture

Demonstrates commitment to ethical values

Analyzes the business context

Defines risk appetite

Evaluates alternative strategies

Formulates business objectives

Identifies risks

Evaluates the severity of risks

Prioritizes risks

Implement risk responses

Develop a risk portfolio

Evaluates substantive changes

Reviews risks and performance

Proposes improvements in enterprise risk management

Aprovecha la información y la tecnología

Comunica los riesgos de información

Informes sobre riesgos, cultura y desempeño

These principles can be applied in all types of companies, whether small, medium or large.


Published on July 07th, 2020.

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